Skip to Main Content

APA 7th Referencing

American Psychological Association, 7th edition

Web sources and social media overview

In this section:


Each reference may include the following elements:

  • Author
  • Date created or last updated
  • Title
  • Version
  • Format
  • Date of retrieval*
  • Publisher**
  • Website address (URL)

*Include the date you viewed the page if the source material is likely to change over time, or if there isn't a publication date (e.g. wikis).
**Do not include publisher if it is the same as the author.

 Please check with your teacher whether social media and apps are considered acceptable sources to cite or not.

Click here for information on how to cite online newspaper articles.

Example webpage

Sample webpage annotated with reference element