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Research Skills

Referencing Styles at Holmesglen

exclamation mark in blue circle Check with your teacher to confirm which style is used in your course.

Looking for the APA 6th Guide? The APA 6th Guide, which provides guidelines for the previous version of APA style, will no longer be available after December 2021. 

Referencing Basics

Purpose of Referencing

Referencing gives credit to sources / the work of others used in your assignment. It is essential for maintaining academic integrity, avoiding plagiarism and demonstrates your research.

What is referenced?

Ideas and theories

 Facts and figures

 Images, video and sound

What isn't referenced?

Common knowledge (e.g. grass is green)

✗ Conclusion of your assignment

Citing & Referencing

There are two parts to referencing:

 In-text citations are used when you refer to a source in the body of the assignment. 

 A reference list is placed at the end of the assignment after the conclusion. It includes all the sources that have been cited. 

Referencing FAQs

What is the difference between quoting and paraphrasing? 

Quotes are copied from the original source, with the exact same wording, punctuation and spelling.

Paraphrasing is when you use your own words to express someone else's idea, or to summarise their research.

What is included in a citation?

They include at minimum: author's name(s), and year of publication.

When quoting, page numbers must be included where available. When paraphrasing, you do not need to include the page number; however it is encouraged. 

How do I position a citation?

Citations can be placed at the start or end of a sentence. 

The following is an example of citing using APA 6th referencing style: 

  • At the start of the sentence
    e.g. Bond (2015) states...
  • At the end of the sentence
    e.g. The results in the study were not conclusive (Bond, 2015). 

Reference List or Bibliography: What's the Difference?

Reference list includes resources that you have cited in the assignment.

Bibliography contains resources that you have read, both cited and not cited, in your assignment. 

exclamation mark in blue circle Check with your teacher to confirm which of the two is required for your assignment.