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Research Skills


question mark in blue circle Purpose of referencing

• Avoid plagiarism

• Verify quotes

• Easy to locate sources

• Shows you have undertaken research

tick in green circleWhat is referenced?

• Quotes

• Facts

• Images, Figures, Diagrams

• Ideas and Theories

cross in red circleWhat isn't referenced?

• Common knowledge

(e.g. grass is green)

• Conclusion of your assignment



Referencing has 2 components:

 In-Text Citations go in the body of the assignment whenever you refer to a source. 

 A Reference List goes at the end of the assignment after the Conclusion. It includes all the sources that have been cited. 

In-Text Citations plus Reference List equals Plagiarism Successfully Avoided!

Guides for Referencing styles used at Holmesglen:

exclamation mark in blue circle Check with your teacher to confirm which style is used in your course.

In-Text Citations

speech bubble To quote or paraphrase? 

Quotes are copied from the original source, with the exact same wording, punctuation and spelling.

Paraphrasing is when you use your own words to express someone else's idea, or to summarise their research.

tick in round check box What is included in a citation?

They include at minimum: author's name(s), and year of publication.

When quoting, page numbers must be included where available. When paraphrasing, you do not need to include the page number; however it is encouraged. 

navigation pointer How to position a citation?

Citations can be placed at the start or end of a sentence. 

The following is an example of citing using APA 6th referencing style: 

  • At the start of the sentence
    e.g. Bond (2015) states...
  • At the end of the sentence
    e.g. The results in the study were not conclusive (Bond, 2015). 


light bulb Reference List or Bibliography: What's the Difference?

Reference list includes resources that you have cited in the assignment.

Bibliography contains resources that you have read, both cited and not cited, in your assignment. 

exclamation mark in blue circle Check with your teacher to confirm which of the two is required for your assignment.