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Holmesglen Harvard Referencing Guide

Standards, building codes and patents overview

Standards are documents that outline specifications, procedures and guidelines in a range of fields and industries. Australian Standards documents are available via the Techstreet datatabase.

Building Codes are regulatory frameworks for the building industry, available through the the National Construction Code (NCC) website

Patents are licences given for a set period, excluding others from reuse or resale of an idea, invention etc. Use the Australian Government's AusPat Quick Search

Standards, building codes and patents format

Standards

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for an online standard

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Author Year)

OR

Author (Year)

... in relation to scaffold decking (Standards Australia 2013). 

OR

Standards Australia (2013) states that scaffold decking includes ... 

Quote

'...' (Author, Year p. xx)

OR

Author (Year, p. xx) '...'

'... workplace safety ...' (Standards Australia 2013, p. 7).

OR

Standards Australia (2013, p. 12) states that '... workplace safety ...'.

 

Reference

Same format applies to both print and online publications of standards.

Format Example

Corporate Author Year, Standard name, Standard number, viewed Day Month Year, Database name.

Standards Australia 2013, Scaffold decking components, AS/NZS 1577:2013, viewed 21 June 2019, Techstreet database.

Building codes 

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for an online building code

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Author Year)

OR

Author (Year)

...in construction (Australian Building Codes Board 2016).

OR

Australian Building Codes Board (2016) states that...

Quote

(Author Year, p. xx)

OR

Author (Year) '...' (p. xx)

'...in construction...' (Australian Building Codes Board 2016, p. 34).

OR

Australian Building Codes Board (2016) states that... (p. 34).

 

Reference

 

Online
Format Example

Corporate Author Year, Code Name, Publisher, viewed Day Month Year, http://xxxxx.

Australian Building Codes Board 2016, National Construction Code Volume Two, Building Code of Australia, viewed 21 June 2019, http://www.abcb.gov.au.

Note:
  • Each word of the title of the code should be capitalised in the reference list.

 

Print
Format Example

Corporate Author Year, Code Name, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Australian Building Codes Board 2012, NCC 2012: National Construction Code Series 2012, Australian Building Codes Board, Canberra, ACT. 

Note:
  • Each word of the title of the code should be capitalised in the reference list.

Patents

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for a patent

 

In text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Author Year)

OR

Author (Year)

....the product (Ford and Bright 2014).

OR

found by Ford and Bright (2014).

Quote

'...' (Author Year, p. xx)

OR

Author (Year) '...' (p. xx)

'... of the product ...' (Ford and Bright 2014, p. 23).

OR

Ford and Bright (2014, p. 25) stated '... innovative ...'.

 

Reference 

 

Online
Format Example

Author, AA Year, Title of patent, Country Patent No. xxxxx, viewed Day Month Year, http://xxxx.

Ford, RH & Bright, SJ 2014, Woven mesh and uses thereof, Australian Patent No. AU 2014201783, viewed 21 June 2019, https://www.ipaustralia.gov.au/.

 

Print
Format Example
Author, AA Year, Title of patent, Country Patent No. xxxxx. Ford, RH & Bright, SJ 2014, Woven mesh and uses thereof, Australian Patent No. AU 2014201783.

Building plans are not included in this section. They should be referenced according to the type of document they are found in. 

e.g. a journalbook or web source.

 

For legal cases, legislation/bills/regulations, or treaties, see legal sources tab.