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Holmesglen Harvard Referencing Guide

Speeches format

Citations need to include both the original author of the speech and the secondary source in which the speech was found (e.g. an anthology of speeches).

In the reference list, you will need to cite only the secondary source in which you found the citation. This source could be a book, journal article, webpage etc.

 

Reference elements

Reference the source in which you found the speech. See below for an example of how to reference a speech from an anthology book. 

annotated reference example for a speech

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Original Author, cited in Secondary Author Year) 

OR

Original Author (cited in Secondary Author, Year)

The speech True liberation of women highlights the importance of female empowerment (Indira Gandhi, cited in Sweet Briar College 2017). 

OR

In his most well known speech, Dr. King (cited in Smith 2009) highlights the civil rights struggles ...

Quote

'...' (Original Author, cited in Secondary Author, Year) 

OR

Original Author (cited in Secondary Author Year) '...' 

The speech True liberation of women asks, "if men hesitate, should not women show the way?" (Indira Gandhi, cited in Sweet Briar College 2017). 

OR

Dr. King declared (cited in Smith 2009), “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up ... ”. 

Note:
  • If it is difficult to decipher the speech from the author alone, mention the speech's title in italics

 

Reference

Reference the source in which you found the speech.

  Format Example
Speech from an edited book

Author, AA (ed.) Year, Title of book, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Smith, J (ed.) 2009, Well said! great speeches in American history, E & K Publishing, Washington, DC. 

Speech from a webpage

Author, AA Year, Title of webpage, viewed Day Month Year, http://xxxxx.

Sweet Briar College 2017, Gifts of speech: women's speeches from around the world, viewed 13 November 2019, http://gos.sbc.edu/.