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Holmesglen Harvard Referencing Guide

Print books format

Book with 1 author

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for a book with one author

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Author Year)

OR

Author (Year)

... is a vital factor in employee satisfaction (Bond 2015).

OR

Bond (2015) states that ...

Quote

'...' (Author Year, p. xx)

OR

Author (Year, p. xx) '...' 

'Employee satisfaction is vital to workplace efficiency' (Bond 2015, p. 112).

OR

According to Bond (2015, p. 112), 'employee satisfaction is vital to workplace efficiency'.

 

Reference

  Format Example
Book with no edition Author, AA Year, Title of book, Publisher, Place of Publication. Levett-Jones, T 2014, Critical conversations for patient safety: an essential guide for health professionals, Pearson Australia, Frenchs Forest, NSW. 
Book with 2nd or later edition Author, AA Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Place of Publication. Armstrong, G 2015, Principles of marketing, 6th edn, Pearson Australia, Frenchs Forest, NSW.

Book with 2 authors

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for a book with 2 authors

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Author & Author Year)

OR

Author and Author (Year)

... is demonstrated by the study (Tsukino & Shields 2014).

OR

Tsukino and Shields (2014) argue that ...

Quote

'...' (Author & Author Year, p. xx)

OR

Author and Author (Year, p. xx) '...' 

'To enhance practice we must ...' (Borbasi & Jackson, 2015, p. 354).

OR

According to Borbasi and Jackson (2015, p. 354) 'to enhance practice we must ...' 

 

Reference

  Format Example
Book with no edition

Author, AA & Author, BB Year, Title of book, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Kennedy, E & Hills, L 2009, Sport, media and society, Berg, Oxford, UK.

Book with 2nd or later edition

Author, AA & Author, BB  Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Borbasi, S & Jackson, D 2015, Navigating the maze of research: enhancing nursing and midwifery practice, 4th edn, Elsevier, Chatswood, NSW.

Book with 3 authors

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for a book with 3 authors

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Author, Author & Author Year)

OR

Author, Author and Author (Year)

... was found to be effective (Potter, Weasley & Granger 2015).

OR

Potter, Weasley and Granger (2015) prove its effectiveness ...
Quote

'...' (Author, Author & Author Year, p. xx)

OR

Author, Author and Author (Year, p.xx) '...' 

In a recent study regarding patient care, 'marked improvements were crucial ... ' (Mason, Setri & Gardner 2018, p. 12). 

OR

Mason, Setri and Gardner (2018, p. 12) conclude that 'marked improvements were crucial ... '

 

Reference

  Format Example
Book with no edition Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC Year, Title of book, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Roy, D, Baker, W & Hamilton, A 2012, Teaching the arts: early childhood and primary education, Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne, VIC.

Book with 2nd or later edition

Author, AA, Author, BB & Author, CC Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Brick, J, Herke, M & Wong, D 2016, Academic culture: a student’s guide to studying at university, 3rd edn, Palgrave Macmillan, South Yarra, VIC.

Book with 4 or more authors

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for a book with 4 or more authors

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Author et al. Year)

OR

Author et al. (Year)

... is crucial to outcomes (Wayne et al. 2013).

OR

Wayne et al. (2013) explain that ...

Quote

'...' (Author et al. Year, p. xx)

OR

Author et al. (Year, p. xx) '...' 

The advent of social media 'has led to increased levels of isolation and discontent' (Turner et al. 2015, p. 9). 

OR

Turner et al. (2015, p. 9) argue that social media 'has led to increased levels of isolation and discontent'.

 

Reference

  Format Example

4-7 authors

List all authors.

Book with no edition

Author, AA, Author, BB, Author, CC, Author, DD, Author EE & Author FF Year, Title of book, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Bexby, C, Nigel, E, Smith, K, Rodgers, GA, Williams, H & Robinson, J 2005, Referencing and plagiarism: a complete guide, Sage, London.

Book with 2nd or later edition

Author, AA, Author, BB, Author, CC, Author, DD, Author EE & Author FF Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Churchill, R, Ferguson, P, Godinho, S, Johnson, NF, Keddie, A, Lets, W & Mackay, J 2013, Teaching: making a difference, 2nd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Sydney, NSW.

8 or more authors

List first author followed by et al.

Book with no edition Author, AA et al. Year, Title of bookPublisher, Place of Publication.

Vernon, K et al. 2014, Psychology of emotion in restorative practice, Jessica Kingsley, London.

Book with 2nd or later edition Author, AA et al. Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Place of Publication. Berman, A et al. 2018, Kozier and Erb's fundamentals of nursing, 4th Australian edn, Pearson Australia, Frenchs Forest, NSW.

Organisation/Corporate author (no abbreviated name)

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for a book with an organisation or corporate author without an abbreviated name 

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Organisation Year)

OR

Organisation (Year)

... is described as crucial to its implementation (Austin Health 2016).

OR

Austin Health (2016) describe its implementation as crucial to ...

Quote

'...' (Organisation Year, p. xx)

OR

Organisation (Year, p. xx) '...' (p. xx)

Poverty is defined as 'severe financial hardship, being unable to afford basic necessities' (World Bank 2017, p. 29).

OR

World Bank (2017, p. 29) defines poverty as 'severe financial hardship, being unable to afford basic necessities'.

 

Reference

  Format Example
Book with no edition

Organisation Year, Title of book, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Economic and Social Research Institute 2008, ESRI research strategy 2008-2013: research for a changing Ireland, ESRI, Dublin. ​

Book with 2nd or later edition

Organisation Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Place of Publication.

American Psychological Association 2001, Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edn, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

Note:
  • Organisation's name is written out in full.

 

Organisation/Corporate author (widely known by abbreviation)

 

Reference elements

annotated reference example for a book with an organisation or corporate author with an abbreviated name

 

In-text citation

    Format Example
Paraphrase First citation

(Organisation [Abbreviation] Year)

OR

Organisation [Abbreviation] (Year)

... increased by 7% within a five year period (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS] 2017).

OR


Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS] (2017) data shows a 7% increase within a five year period.

2nd citation onwards

(Abbreviated Organisation Year)

OR

Abbreviated Organisation (Year)

... which is likely the reason for the increase (ABS 2017).

OR

According to ABS (2017) findings, the reason for the increase is likely ...

Quote First citation

(Organisation [Abbreviation] Year, p. xx)

OR

Organisation [Abbreviation] (Year, p. xx) '...'

'The Earth's surface temperature is rising at an alarming rate' (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation [CSIRO], 2018, p. 65).

OR

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation [CSIRO] (2018, p. 65) concluded 'the Earth's surface temperature is rising at an alarming rate'.

2nd citation onwards

(Abbreviated Organisation Year, p. xx)

OR

Abbreviated Organisation (Year, p. xx) '...'

'Cilmate change is a rapidly evolving and worrying trend that should not be ignored' (CSIRO 2018, p. 65).

OR

CSIRO (2018, p. 65) define climate change as 'a rapidly evolving and worrying trend ... '.

 

Reference

  Format Example
Book with no edition

Organisation Year, Title of book, Publisher, Place of Publication. 

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation 2006, Australian soil and land survey field handbook, CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, VIC.

Book with 2nd or later edition

Organisation Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Place of Publication.  

World Health Organization 2013, Pocket book of hospital care for children: guidelines for the management of common childhood illnesses, 2nd edn, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 

Note:
  • Organisation's name is written out in full.

Cited in a book

Sometimes authors quote other authors. This is referred to in Harvard style as a secondary source. Citations need to include both the original author and the secondary source author. In the reference list, you will need to cite only the secondary source in which you found the citation.

 

Reference elements

Reference the book in which you found the citation.

annotated reference example for a book with a secondary source citation

 

In-text citation

  Format Example
Paraphrase

(Original Author cited in Secondary Author Year)

OR

Original Author (cited in Secondary Author Year)

... is argued to be of value (O'Reilly cited in Byrne 2008).

OR

O'Reilly (cited in Byrne 2008) argues that ...

Quote

'...' (Original Author cited in Secondary Author Year, p. xx)

OR

Original Author (cited in Secondary Author Year, p. xx) '...'

'To improve customer service we must ... ' (Smith cited in Weaver & Lawton 2014, p. 26).

OR

Smith (cited in Weaver & Lawton 2014, p. 26) states 'to improve customer service we must ... '.

 

Reference

Reference the secondary source in which you found the citation.

  Format Example
Book with no edition

Author, AA Year, Title of book, Publisher, Location. 

Byrne, L 2003, Schubert's Goethe settings, Ashgate, Burlington, VT.

Book with 2nd or later edition

Author, AA Year, Title of book, x edn, Publisher, Location. 

Weaver, D & Lawton, L 2014, Tourism management, 5th edn, John Wiley and Sons, Milton, QLD. 

Practice exercise